| DAF China
DAF is een afkorting van Digital Action File.
Deelname aan een DAF betekent dat we extra aandacht besteden aan mensenrechtenschendingen in de betreffende landen – in dit geval in China en Zuid-Amerika. Zo sturen we in urgente situaties brieven naar autoriteiten of we voeren actie voor een bepaalde persoon, die gevaar loopt.
Actievoeren houdt concreet in dat we brieven schrijven aan autoriteiten en groetenkaarten sturen om een slachtoffer morele steun te bieden. Andere activiteiten, zoals b.v. petities insturen zijn echter ook mogelijk.
Amnestygroep Amstelveen heeft sinds januari 2016 het dossier van Su Changlan onder zijn hoede genomen en voert actie voor haar.
De Chinese activiste Su Changlan werd op 27 oktober 2014 opgepakt. Ze had op internet steun betuigd aan demonstranten in Hongkong. Zij riskeerde daarmee een gevangenisstraf voor het ‘aanzetten tot gezagsondermijning’.
Hoewel er een officiële aanklacht tegen haar was ingediend, heeft ze meer dan 2 jaar op haar proces moeten wachten, omdat het proces telkens werd uitgesteld. Op 31 maart 2017 is Su Changlan door het Hof in Foshan City veroordeeld tot 3 jaar gevangenisstraf. Dat betekent dat ze nog tot oktober 2017 in de gevangenis moet blijven.
Amnesty vindt het onaanvaardbaar dat Su nog langer in de gevangenis moet verblijven gezien het feit dat haar “misdrijf” slechts bestond uit het vreedzaam uiten van kritiek op de regering via internet. Daar komt nog eens bij dat de omstandigheden waaronder Su de afgelopen 2 ½ jaar gevangen werd gehouden ronduit erbarmelijk zijn.
Haar familie heeft haar sinds haar arrestatie niet kunnen bezoeken. Haar advocaat heeft ze slechts incidenteel mogen spreken.
Haar gezondheidstoestand is zorgelijk mede als gevolg van de afschuwelijke omstandigheden in de gevangenis. Su Changlan lijdt onder andere aan een schildklierziekte en een hartkwaal. Sedert haar verblijf in de gevangenis heeft ze ook hartritmestoornissen en longproblemen. Zij krijgt echter geen adequate medische behandeling.
Stuur Su Changlan een kaartje om haar moreel te steunen en moed in te spreken.
Su Changlan genomineerd voor prijs
Su Changlan has just been named the third recipient of the “Cao Shunli Memorial Award for Human Rights Defenders” for her contributions in promoting human rights at the grassroots level in China! In addition, Su Changlan was one of the eight WHRDs featured in Amnesty International’s global message for International Women’s Day - So let’s maintain this fantastic momentum and continue to take action ahead of her hearing in mid-May!
China: Callous guilty verdicts against supporters of Hong Kong pro-democracy protests
31 March 2017, 10:45 UTC
The Chinese authorities’ relentless attack on human rights activists continues as two supporters of Hong Kong’s 2014 pro-democracy protests became the latest to be convicted, Amnesty International said, as it called for their immediate and unconditional release.
It is completely callous for the Chinese authorities to condemn Su Changlan and Chen Qitang to even one more day in jail.
Patrick Poon, China Researcher at Amnesty International
A court in Foshan city, southern China, on Friday sentenced women’s rights activist Su Changlan to three years in prison for “inciting subversion of state power”. The court also sentenced fellow activist Chen Qitang to four-and-a-half years in prison on the same charge. Both have been detained since October 2014 after they expressed support for Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protests, and time served will count towards their sentences.
“It is completely callous for the Chinese authorities to condemn Su Changlan and Chen Qitang to even one more day in jail,” said Patrick Poon, China Researcher at Amnesty International.
“The authorities have already tormented both them and their families over the past two and a half years of their unjust an unlawful detention. It is reprehensible they have been convicted solely for peacefully expressing their views.”
The prosecutor’s indictment makes clear Su Changlan is being persecuted for her online criticism of the Communist Party and the government, which she posted on overseas websites, on social media, and via Skype and Gmail.
The pair were targeted as part of a nationwide crackdown in mainland China between September and November 2014, which saw at least 100 people detained for expressing support for Hong Kong’s pro-democracy Umbrella Movement. Four others detained at the time - Wang Mo, Xie Wenfei, Zhang Shengyu and Sun Feng – have already been convicted for “inciting subversion of state power” and sentenced to between four – five years each.
Su Changlan has said she is being held in “terrible” conditions. At Nanhai District Detention Centre, southern China, she and 50-70 other inmates were crammed into an 80-square-metre cell, with a sleeping space a little more than 50cm wide, well below the acceptable international standard.
The former primary school teacher’s prolonged and unnecessary detention in such dreadful conditions has taken a toll on her health, and according to her lawyer she has been denied adequate medical treatment. The authorities have also prevented Su’s family from visiting her in detention.
Su Changlan, laatste nieuws, 31 maart 2017
On Friday, 31 March 2017, Su Changlan was sentenced by a court in Foshan city, southern China, to three years in prison for “inciting subversion of state power”. Time served has been incorporated into her sentence therefore, as she has already been detained for 2 years and 5 months, she is due to be released on 26 October 2017.
Su Changlan will remain in Nanhai District Detention Centre for the time being, however standard practice would suggest that she will soon be transferred to a prison.
“An extremely absurd verdict,” her lawyer Liu Xiaoyuan said on his Twitter account. “When announcing the judgement, they only read the prosecution’s allegations and the court’s decision, and didn’t mention the defence lawyer’s arguments. After the verdict, they didn’t ask Su Changlan whether she would appeal before banging the gavel and saying that the adjudication was over.”
It was clear from the verdict that she is being persecuted for her online criticism of the Communist Party and the government, which she posted on overseas websites, on social media, and via Skype and Gmail.
DAF China In het kader van de DAF China voeren we actie voor Su Changlan.
Ook de Amnestygroepen uit Den Haag werken aan het dossier van Su Changlan.
Activiste voor democratie
Su Changlan heeft al meerdere keren in de gevangenis gezeten. Zij zet zich onder meer in voor meer democratie, voor landrechten en reproductieve rechten van vrouwen, en tegen huiselijk geweld.
Hieronder volgen een aantal passages uit het officiële dossier van Amnesty International.
Su Changlan is a well-known activist in southern China. She was a primary school teacher from 1990-2001, and began her social activism working with rural women in Sanshan District, Hainan Province to defend their rights to inheritance, and to ensure
profits derived from community properties were shared. In recent years, she has been focusing on women’s and children’s rights issues such as trafficking of children, child brides, family planning and violence against women related to the one-child policy. She
has also focused on migrant children’s rights, land rights, forced eviction, and democracy. She was forced to resign from her job as a teacher in Hainan and has been detained several times previously due to her peaceful activism and outspokenness.
Su Changlan’s detention clearly demonstrates that the Chinese government continue to have no tolerance of any form of dissent or public calls for reform. The detention and harassment of those that showed support for the pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong
in 2014 highlights the severe crackdown on freedom of expression that is taking place in the country.
Su Changlan simply posted supportive posts online, and her case is not an isolated incident. Many grassroots activists have been similarly targeted. Although there was significant international attention on the protests in Hong Kong, there was far less on the related detentions in mainland China.
In addition to calling for her release, it is hoped that sustained pressure on the government can also protect her from torture and other ill-treatment while she is in detention. Su Changlan’s case is an example of how the Chinese authorities frequently target friends or family members of activists. In addition to being another way of punishing activists, this also is an attempt to stop family members speaking out or campaigning for their loved ones’ release, and is intended to act as a deterrent to other activists.
Su Changlan’s husband and brother were also criminally detained because of their repeated calls for information about her whereabouts.
Su Changlan’s case is not an isolated case in China. Many other human rights defenders that include women have paid a high price for their activism to defend human rights.
Chinese women’s rights activist Su Changlan could be facing life imprisonment after being formally arrested and charged with ‘inciting subversion of state power’ on 3 December 2014. The charges against her are believed to be a result of online posts she made in support of the pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong in September 2014, and due to her activism on women’s rights issues. Her family has not been able to visit her since she was first detained in October 2014, despite repeated requests, and she was only allowed to see her lawyer for the first time in May 2015. She is at risk of torture andother ill-treatment.
Su Changlan told her lawyer that the conditions of her detention in Nanhai DistrictDetention Centre were terrible. The size of her cell is approximately 80 square meters,but it accommodates 50 to 70 inmates. The sleeping space is as large as the table of ameeting room (about 60 cm wide). Because of the limited space, she can seldom fallasleep. Su Changlan said that owing to the poor conditions and long-term detention,together with her heart condition - sinus arrest syndrome – a result of hyperthyroidism,her physical condition has not been good. She regularly feels numbness in her hands and feet and experiences headaches and regular tearing in her right eye. She needs to visit the doctor in the detention centre on a regular basis.
Su Changlan told her lawyer that she was not tortured to extract a confession, but the police threatened that her case was serious enough to require a severe punishment. Su Changlan said she is in a good spirits.